运维笔记

制作PHP的RPM包教程

Einic Yeo · 10月6日 · 2017年 ·

有时候为了方便源码包的安装,我们需要自己订制软件包的需版权声明:本文遵循 CC 4.0 BY-SA 版权协议,若要转载请务必附上原文出处链接及本声明,谢谢合作!求,我们会把一些源码包按照我们的需求来做成rpm包,当有了源码包就可以直接编译得到二进制安装包和其他任意包。spec file是制作rpm包最核心的部分,rpm包的制作就是根据spec file来实现的。下面是我以制作php的rpm开始介绍其制作方法。以下操作在CentOS6.8 64位系统进行。

下面我们以制作php的rpm开始介绍其制作方法。以下操作在CentOS6.8 64位系统进行。

安装rpm-build

[[email protected] SOURCES]# yum -y install rpm-build

建立工作车间目录

[[email protected] SOURCES]# vim ~/.rpmmacros
%_topdir /root/rpmbuild
[[email protected] SOURCES]# mkdir -pv ~/rpmbuild/{BUILD,RPMS,SOURCES,SPECS,SRPMS}

在redhat下,rpm包的默认制作路径在/usr/src/redhat下,但CentOS并没有该目版权声明:本文遵循 CC 4.0 BY-SA 版权协议,若要转载请务必附上原文出处链接及本声明,谢谢合作!录,因此,我们不得不自定义工作目录,这其中包含了6个目录(要求全部大写)

BUILD:源代码解压以后放的位置
RPMS:制作完成后的rpm包存放目录,为特定平台指定子目录(x86_64)
SOURCES:收集的源文件,源材料,补丁文件等存放位置
SPECS:存放spec文件,作为制作rpm包的领岗文件,以rpm名.spec
SRPMS:src格式的rpm包位置 ,既然是src格式的包,就没有平台的概念了
BuiltRoot:假根,使用install临时安装到这个目录,把这个目录当作根来用的,所以在这个目录下的目录文件,才是真正的目录文件。当打包完成后,在清理阶段,这个目录将被删除

[[email protected] SOURCES]# rpmbuild --showrc | grep topdir  #工作车间目录:_topdir /root/rpmbuild
-14: _builddir  %{_topdir}/BUILD
-14: _buildrootdir      %{_topdir}/BUILDROOT
-14: _rpmdir    %{_topdir}/RPMS
-14: _sourcedir %{_topdir}/SOURCES
-14: _specdir   %{_topdir}/SPECS
-14: _srcrpmdir %{_topdir}/SRPMS
-14: _topdir    /root/rpmbuild

rpmbuild –showrc显示所有的宏,以下划线开头,一个下划线:定义环境的使用情版权声明:本文遵循 CC 4.0 BY-SA 版权协议,若要转载请务必附上原文出处链接及本声明,谢谢合作!况,二个下划线:通常定义的是命令版权声明:本文遵循 CC 4.0 BY-SA 版权协议,若要转载请务必附上原文出处链接及本声明,谢谢合作!,为什么要定义宏,因为不同的版权声明:本文遵循 CC 4.0 BY-SA 版权协议,若要转载请务必附上原文出处链接及本声明,谢谢合作!系统,命令的存放位置可能不同,所以通过宏的定义找到命令的真正存放位置

收集源码文件脚本文件

[[email protected] SOURCES]# pwd
/root/rpmbuild/SOURCES
[[email protected] SOURCES]# ls
php-5.4.45.tar.gz

编写SPEC文件

[[email protected] SPEC]# pwd  
/root/rpmbuild/SOURCES
[[email protected] SPEC]# vim php.spec #内容如下:  
%define _user www
%define _group www
%define _prefix /usr/local/php
Name: php  #软件包名称
Version: 5.4.45  #版本号(不能使用-)
Release: 1%{?dist}   #release号,对应下面的changelog,如php-5.4.45-1.el6.x86_64.rpm
Summary: PHP is a server-side scripting language for creating dynamic Web pages  #简要描述信息,最好不要超过50个字符,如要详述,使用下面的%description
Group: Development/Languages   #要全用这里面的一个组:less /usr/share/doc/rpm-version/GROUPS
License: GPLv2  #软件授权方式
URL: http://www.php.net  #源码相关网站
Packager: yeho <[email protected]>  #打包人的信息
Vendor: OneinStack  #发行商或打包组织的信息
Source0: %{name}-%{version}.tar.gz  #源代码包,可以带多个用Source1、Source2等源,后面也可以用%{source1}、%{source2}引用
BuildRoot: %_topdir/BUILDROOT  #安装或编译时使用的“虚拟目录”
Requires: libmcrypt
Requires: mhash
Requires: mcrypt
Requires: libiconv #定义php依赖的包,需要yum安装(此处使用epel源)
%description  #软件包详述
PHP is a widely-used general-purpose scripting language that is especially suited for Web development and can be embedded into HTML.
%prep  #软件编译之前的处理,如解压
%setup -q  #这个宏的作用静默模式解压并cd
%build  #开始编译软件
%configure --prefix=%{_prefix} --with-config-file-path=%{_prefix}/etc \
--with-fpm-user=%{_user} --with-fpm-group=%{_group} --enable-fpm --enable-fileinfo \
--with-mysql=mysqlnd --with-mysqli=mysqlnd --with-pdo-mysql=mysqlnd \
--with-iconv-dir=/usr/local --with-freetype-dir --with-jpeg-dir --with-png-dir --with-zlib \
--with-libxml-dir=/usr --enable-xml --disable-rpath --enable-bcmath --enable-shmop --enable-exif \
--enable-sysvsem --enable-inline-optimization --with-curl --enable-mbregex --enable-inline-optimization \
--enable-mbstring --with-mcrypt --with-gd --enable-gd-native-ttf --with-openssl \
--with-mhash --enable-pcntl --enable-sockets --with-xmlrpc --enable-ftp --enable-calendar \
--with-gettext --enable-zip --enable-soap --disable-ipv6 --disable-debug
make ZEND_EXTRA_LIBS='-liconv' %{?_smp_mflags}  #%{?_smp_mflags} 的意思是:如果就多处理器的话make时并行编译
%install  #开始安装软件,如make install
rm -rf %{buildroot}
make INSTALL_ROOT=%{buildroot} install
rm -rf %{buildroot}/{.channels,.depdb,.depdblock,.filemap,.lock,.registry}
%{__install} -p -D -m 0755 sapi/fpm/init.d.php-fpm %{buildroot}/etc/init.d/php-fpm
%{__install} -p -D -m 0644 php.ini-production %{buildroot}/%{_prefix}/etc/php.ini
#rpm安装前执行的脚本
%pre
echo '/usr/local/lib' > /etc/ld.so.conf.d/local.conf
/sbin/ldconfig
if [ $1 == 1 -a -z "`grep ^%{_user} /etc/passwd`" ]; then    # $1有3个值,代表动作,安装类型,处理类型
    groupadd %{_group} -g 10000                              # 1:表示安装
    useradd -u 10000 -g 10000 -m %{_user}                    # 2:表示升级
fi                                                           # 0:表示卸载
#rpm安装后执行的脚本
%post
if [ $1 == 1 ];then
    [ -z "`grep ^'export PATH=' /etc/profile`" ] && echo "export PATH=%{_prefix}/bin:\$PATH" >> /etc/profile
    [ -n "`grep ^'export PATH=' /etc/profile`" -a -z "`grep '%{_prefix}' /etc/profile`" ] && sed -i "[email protected]^export PATH=\(.*\)@export PATH=%{_prefix}/bin:\[email protected]" /etc/profile
    /sbin/chkconfig --add php-fpm
    /sbin/chkconfig php-fpm on
    Mem=`free -m | awk '/Mem:/{print $2}'`  #下面主要是参数的优化
    if [ $Mem -le 640 ];then
        Mem_level=512M
        Memory_limit=64
    elif [ $Mem -gt 640 -a $Mem -le 1280 ];then
        Mem_level=1G
        Memory_limit=128
    elif [ $Mem -gt 1280 -a $Mem -le 2500 ];then
        Mem_level=2G
        Memory_limit=192
    elif [ $Mem -gt 2500 -a $Mem -le 3500 ];then
        Mem_level=3G
        Memory_limit=256
    elif [ $Mem -gt 3500 -a $Mem -le 4500 ];then
        Mem_level=4G
        Memory_limit=320
    elif [ $Mem -gt 4500 -a $Mem -le 8000 ];then
        Mem_level=6G
        Memory_limit=384
    elif [ $Mem -gt 8000 ];then
        Mem_level=8G
        Memory_limit=448
    fi
    sed -i "[email protected]^memory_limit.*@memory_limit = ${Memory_limit}[email protected]" %{_prefix}/etc/php.ini
    sed -i '[email protected]^output_buffering [email protected]_buffering = On\noutput_buffering [email protected]' %{_prefix}/etc/php.ini
    sed -i '[email protected]^;cgi.fix_pathinfo.*@[email protected]' %{_prefix}/etc/php.ini
    sed -i '[email protected]^short_open_tag = [email protected]_open_tag = [email protected]' %{_prefix}/etc/php.ini
    sed -i '[email protected]^expose_php = [email protected]_php = [email protected]' %{_prefix}/etc/php.ini
    sed -i '[email protected]^request_order.*@request_order = "CGP"@' %{_prefix}/etc/php.ini
    sed -i '[email protected]^;date.timezone.*@date.timezone = Asia/[email protected]' %{_prefix}/etc/php.ini
    sed -i '[email protected]^post_max_size.*@post_max_size = [email protected]' %{_prefix}/etc/php.ini
    sed -i '[email protected]^upload_max_filesize.*@upload_max_filesize = [email protected]' %{_prefix}/etc/php.ini
    sed -i '[email protected]^;upload_tmp_dir.*@upload_tmp_dir = /[email protected]' %{_prefix}/etc/php.ini
    sed -i '[email protected]^max_execution_time.*@max_execution_time = [email protected]' %{_prefix}/etc/php.ini
    sed -i '[email protected]^disable_functions.*@disable_functions = passthru,exec,system,chroot,chgrp,chown,shell_exec,proc_open,proc_get_status,ini_alter,ini_restore,dl,openlog,syslog,readlink,symlink,popepassthru,stream_socket_server,fsocket,[email protected]' %{_prefix}/etc/php.ini
    sed -i '[email protected]^session.cookie_httponly.*@session.cookie_httponly = [email protected]' %{_prefix}/etc/php.ini
    sed -i '[email protected]^mysqlnd.collect_memory_statistics.*@mysqlnd.collect_memory_statistics = [email protected]' %{_prefix}/etc/php.ini
    cat > %{_prefix}/etc/php-fpm.conf <<EOF
;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;
; FPM Configuration ;
;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;
;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;
; Global Options ;
;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;
[global]
pid = run/php-fpm.pid
error_log = log/php-fpm.log
log_level = warning
emergency_restart_threshold = 30
emergency_restart_interval = 60s
process_control_timeout = 10s
daemonize = yes
;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;
; Pool Definitions ;
;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;
[%{_user}]
;listen = /dev/shm/php-cgi.sock
listen = 127.0.0.1:9000
listen.backlog = -1
listen.allowed_clients = 127.0.0.1
listen.owner = %{_user}
listen.group = %{_group}
listen.mode = 0666
user = %{_user}
group = %{_group}
pm = dynamic
pm.max_children = 12
pm.start_servers = 8
pm.min_spare_servers = 6
pm.max_spare_servers = 12
pm.max_requests = 2048
pm.process_idle_timeout = 10s
request_terminate_timeout = 120
request_slowlog_timeout = 0
slowlog = log/slow.log
rlimit_files = 51200
rlimit_core = 0
catch_workers_output = yes
;env[HOSTNAME] = $HOSTNAME
env[PATH] = /usr/local/bin:/usr/bin:/bin
env[TMP] = /tmp
env[TMPDIR] = /tmp
env[TEMP] = /tmp
EOF
    if [ $Mem -le 3000 ];then
        sed -i "[email protected]^pm.max_children.*@pm.max_children = $(($Mem/2/20))@" %{_prefix}/etc/php-fpm.conf
        sed -i "[email protected]^pm.start_servers.*@pm.start_servers = $(($Mem/2/30))@" %{_prefix}/etc/php-fpm.conf
        sed -i "[email protected]^pm.min_spare_servers.*@pm.min_spare_servers = $(($Mem/2/40))@" %{_prefix}/etc/php-fpm.conf
        sed -i "[email protected]^pm.max_spare_servers.*@pm.max_spare_servers = $(($Mem/2/20))@" %{_prefix}/etc/php-fpm.conf
    elif [ $Mem -gt 3000 -a $Mem -le 4500 ];then
        sed -i "[email protected]^pm.max_children.*@pm.max_children = [email protected]" %{_prefix}/etc/php-fpm.conf
        sed -i "[email protected]^pm.start_servers.*@pm.start_servers = [email protected]" %{_prefix}/etc/php-fpm.conf
        sed -i "[email protected]^pm.min_spare_servers.*@pm.min_spare_servers = [email protected]" %{_prefix}/etc/php-fpm.conf
        sed -i "[email protected]^pm.max_spare_servers.*@pm.max_spare_servers = [email protected]" %{_prefix}/etc/php-fpm.conf
    elif [ $Mem -gt 4500 -a $Mem -le 6500 ];then
        sed -i "[email protected]^pm.max_children.*@pm.max_children = [email protected]" %{_prefix}/etc/php-fpm.conf
        sed -i "[email protected]^pm.start_servers.*@pm.start_servers = [email protected]" %{_prefix}/etc/php-fpm.conf
        sed -i "[email protected]^pm.min_spare_servers.*@pm.min_spare_servers = [email protected]" %{_prefix}/etc/php-fpm.conf
        sed -i "[email protected]^pm.max_spare_servers.*@pm.max_spare_servers = [email protected]" %{_prefix}/etc/php-fpm.conf
    elif [ $Mem -gt 6500 -a $Mem -le 8500 ];then
        sed -i "[email protected]^pm.max_children.*@pm.max_children = [email protected]" %{_prefix}/etc/php-fpm.conf
        sed -i "[email protected]^pm.start_servers.*@pm.start_servers = [email protected]" %{_prefix}/etc/php-fpm.conf
        sed -i "[email protected]^pm.min_spare_servers.*@pm.min_spare_servers = [email protected]" %{_prefix}/etc/php-fpm.conf
        sed -i "[email protected]^pm.max_spare_servers.*@pm.max_spare_servers = [email protected]" %{_prefix}/etc/php-fpm.conf
    elif [ $Mem -gt 8500 ];then
        sed -i "[email protected]^pm.max_children.*@pm.max_children = [email protected]" %{_prefix}/etc/php-fpm.conf
        sed -i "[email protected]^pm.start_servers.*@pm.start_servers = [email protected]" %{_prefix}/etc/php-fpm.conf
        sed -i "[email protected]^pm.min_spare_servers.*@pm.min_spare_servers = [email protected]" %{_prefix}/etc/php-fpm.conf
        sed -i "[email protected]^pm.max_spare_servers.*@pm.max_spare_servers = [email protected]" %{_prefix}/etc/php-fpm.conf
    fi
fi
#rpm卸载前执行的脚本
%preun
if [ $1 == 0 ];then
    /etc/init.d/php-fpm stop > /dev/null 2>&1
    /sbin/chkconfig --del php-fpm
    if [ -e '/etc/profile.d/custom_profile_new.sh' ];then
        sed -i '[email protected]%{_prefix}/bin:@@' /etc/profile.d/custom_profile_new.sh
    else
        sed -i '[email protected]%{_prefix}/bin:@@' /etc/profile
    fi
fi
#%postun rpm卸载后执行的脚本
%clean    #clean的主要作用就是删除BUILD
rm -rf %{buildroot}
%files  #指定哪些文件需要被打包,如/usr/local/php
%defattr(-,root,root,-)
%{_prefix}
%attr(0755,root,root) /etc/init.d/php-fpm
%changelog  #日志改变段, 这一段主要描述软件的开发记录
* Sat Oct 24 2017 yeho <[email protected]> 5.4.45-1
- Initial version

php-redis.spec

[[email protected] SOURCES]# pwd
/root/rpmbuild/SOURCES
[[email protected] SOURCES]# ls
redis-2.2.7.tgz
[[email protected] SOURCES]# cd ../SPEC
[[email protected] SPEC]# vim php-redis.spec
%global php_extdir %(/usr/local/php/bin/php-config --extension-dir 2>/dev/null || echo "undefined")
Name: php-redis
Version: 2.2.7
Release: 1%{?dist}
Summary: The phpredis extension provides an API for communicating with the Redis key-value store.
Group: Development/Languages
License: PHP
URL: http://pecl.php.net/package/redis
Source0: redis-%{version}.tgz
BuildRoot: %_topdir/BUILDROOT
Requires: php
BuildRequires: php >= 5.4.40
%description
The phpredis extension provides an API for communicating with the Redis key-value store.
%prep
%setup -q -n redis-%{version}
%build
/usr/local/php/bin/phpize
%configure
make %{?_smp_mflags}
%install
rm -rf %{buildroot}
mkdir -p %{buildroot}%{php_extdir}
make install INSTALL_ROOT=%{buildroot}
find %{buildroot} -name redis.so -exec /bin/mv {} %{buildroot}%{php_extdir} \;
#rpm安装后执行的脚本
%post
if [ $1 == 1 ];then
    [ -z "`grep '^extension_dir' /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini`" ] && echo "extension_dir = \"%{php_extdir}\"" >> /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini
    sed -i '[email protected]^extension_dir\(.*\)@extension_dir\1\nextension = "redis.so"@' /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini
fi
#rpm卸载前执行的脚本
%preun
if [ $1 == 0 ];then
    /etc/init.d/php-fpm stop > /dev/null 2>&1
    sed -i '/redis.so/d' /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini
fi
#%postun rpm卸载后执行的脚本
if [ $1 == 0 ];then
    /etc/init.d/php-fpm start > /dev/null 2>&1
fi
%clean
rm -rf %{buildroot}
%files
%defattr(-,root,root,-)
%{php_extdir}/redis.so
%changelog
* Sat Oct 24 2017 yeho <[email protected]> 2.2.7-1
- Initial version

编译rpm包

[[email protected] SPEC]# rpmbuild -bb php.spec 制作php rpm二进制包
[[email protected] SPEC]# rpmbuild -bb php-redis.spec 制作php-redis rpm二进制包
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